Fact of Nepal


Facts of Nepal

 

In terms of bio-diversity, Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world because of  its unique geographical position and altitude variation. Nepal’s main geographical features include snow-capped peaks, Lower Mountain, mid hills and fertile Terai plains of tropical jungles. Nearly, one third of the total length of the Himalayas and 8 of the 14 highest peaks are located in Nepal. The landlocked country covers an area 147,181 square kilometers ranging from 70 meters to the highest point at 8,848 meters above sea level.

Full Country Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल)


Capital

Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city of Nepal. Kathmandu is regarded as 'City of Temples'. There are 7 world heritage sites within 20 KMS radius, listed in UNESCO .The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1400 m and is inhabited by about 700,000 people.


Geography

Geography of Nepal is uncommonly diverse. Nepal is of roughly trapezoidal shape, 800 kilometers (500 mi) long and 200 kilometers (125 mi) wide, with an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq mi).


Nepal is commonly divided into three physiographic areas

The Mountain, Hill, Siwalik region and Terai Regions, these ecological belts run east-west and are vertically intersected by Nepal's major, north to south flowing river systems.


Neighboring countries


1) India – East, West and South
2) China – North

Area: 147,181 square kilometers


Access to Nepal
 

The capital city of Nepal is connected with the various airlines services of the world . From each part of the world it is very accessible to take flight to Nepal . The mahjor airlines like  Thai Airways, Dragon Air, Korean Air, Indian Airlines, PIA, Biman Bangladesh, Air China, Druk Air, Qatar Airways,  Jet Airways,, Fly Dubai, Air Arabia, Singapore Airline, Malaysian Airline etc are taking flight to & from Kathmandu.

The entry points to Nepal from India are Kakkarbhitta, Birgunj, Belhiya, Bhairawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi and Mahendra Nagar. The Kodari Pass in Nepal-China border is the entry point to Nepal from China.



Population

The total population of Nepal is 2,66,20809 / 26.6 million according to the National Census of 2011 AD . The Nepalese are descendants of three major migrations from India, Tibet, and North Burma and Yunnan via Assam.



People

Nepali people are well-known for their friendliness and hospitality. Among the earliest inhabitants were the Kirat of east mid-region, Newar of the Kathmandu Valley and aboriginal Tharu in the southern Terai region. The ancestors of the Brahman and Chhetri caste groups came from India's present Kumaon, Garhwal and Kashmir regions, while other ethnic groups trace their origins to North Burma and Yunnan and Tibet, e.g. the Gurung and Magar in the west, Rai and Limbu in the east (from Yunnan and north Burma via Assam), and Sherpa and Bhotia in the north (from Tibet).

In the (Southern Part) Terai, a part of the Ganges Basin with 20% of the land, much of the population is physically and culturally similar to the Indo-Aryans of northern India. Indo-Aryan and East Asian looking mixed people live in the hilly region of Nepal. The mountainous highlands are sparsely populated. Kathmandu Valley, in the middle hill region, constitutes a small fraction of the nation's area but is the most densely populated, with almost 5% of the population.


Language

All the languages spoken in Nepal are national languages. Nepali is the official language of Nepal, with almost 60 percent of the population speaking it. This language, which is believed to be the language with the closest derivation from Sanskrit, was originally called Khaskura, but became known as Nepali during the 20th century. Nepal's constitution, however, guarantees that, irrespective of what the official language is, all languages spoken in Nepal can be used for official purposes and documentation. 

In the capital Kathmandu, Nepal Bhasa (the Newar language) and Nepali are the most widely used languages.


Religion

Nepal is  a secular country. Hindu, Buddhists, Muslims , Christians & the other various types of religions are in practice in this teritory . Generally the majority of the people in Nepal are hindus .Nepal is th home to the largest Shiva temple in the world, the famous Pashupatinath Temple, where Hindus from all over the world come for pilgrimage. According to mythology, Sita Devi of the epic Ramayana was born in the Mithila Kingdom of King Janaka Raja. Buddhism was relatively more common among the Newar. Buddha is said to be a descendant of Sage Angirasa in many Buddhist texts. Scholars like Dr. Eitel connects it to the Rishi Gautam. But, differences between Hindus and Buddhists have been in general very subtle and academic in nature due to the intermingling of Hindu and Buddhist beliefs. Both share common temples and worship common deities; many of Nepal's Buddhists could also be regarded as Hindus and vice versa. Gurkhas from Nepal are Hindu. Among other natives of Nepal, those most influenced by Hinduism were the Magar, Sunwar, Limbu and Rai. Hindu influence is less prominent among the Gurung, Bhutia, and Thakali groups, who employ Buddhist monks for their religious ceremonies. Most of the festivals in Nepal are Hindu. The Machendrajatra festival, dedicated to Hindu Shaiva Siddha, is celebrated even by Buddhists and it is the Buddhists' main festival. As it is believed that Ne Muni established Nepal, important priests in Nepal are called "Tirthaguru Nemuni".


Government and politics

Nepal has seen rapid political changes during the last two decades. Until 2008, Nepal had a parliamentary monarchy with the king as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of the government. On December 10, 2007, the interim parliament passed a bill that would make Nepal a Federal Republic. On May 28, 2008, lawmakers in Nepal legally abolished the monarchy and declared the country a republic, ending 239 years of royal rule in the Himalayan nation.


National Flag

Nepal's flag is the only national flag in the world that is non-quadrilateral in shape, and one of only two non-rectangular flags in use (the other being the flag of the US state of Ohio). According to its official description, the red in the flag stands for victory in war or courage, and is also color of the rhododendron, the national flower of Nepal. Red also stands for aggression. The flag's blue border signifies peace. The curved moon on the flag is a symbol of the peaceful and calm nature of Nepalese, while the sun represents the aggressiveness of Nepalese warriors.


Culture

Nepalese culture is diverse, reflecting different ethnic origins of the people. All the communities are rich in cultural diversity; they celebrate many festivals, well known for their music and dance.


Food

A typical Nepalese meal is Dal-Bhat-Tarkari. Other foods like continental, Chinese, Japanese, Mexican, Italian, and Indian etc are also available on local restaurant and hotels.


Time

Five Hours and forty-five minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (+5:45 hours GMT).


Climate

Nepal has five climatic zones, broadly corresponding to the altitudes. The tropical and subtropical zones lie below 1,200 metres (3,940 ft), the temperate zone 1,200 to 2,400 metres (3,900–7,875 ft), the cold zone 2,400 to 3,600 metres (7,875–11,800 ft), the sub arctic zone 3,600 to 4,400 metres (11,800–14,400 ft), and the Arctic zone above 4,400 metres (14,400 ft).


Seasons

Nepal has five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. The Himalaya blocks cold winds from Central Asia in the winter and forms the northern limit of the monsoon wind patterns. In a land once thickly forested, deforestation is a major problem in all regions, with resulting erosion and degradation of ecosystems.


Communication

Postal Services: The Central Post Office located near Dharahara Tower is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday. The counters are open from 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. and provide stamps, postcards and aerograms. Post Restante is available Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Express Mail Service (EMS) is available at GPO and at Thamel, Basantapur and airport postal counters.
 

Mobile and International Roaming Mobile Phone: There are 2 GSM Mobile phone companies , NTC & NCELL.  A Subscriber Identity Module Card (SIM Card) is available for Nepali and foreign customers who are traveling around for work. The SIM Card must be used in conjunction with a Digital GSM mobile phone within the 900-MHz range or a Digital PCN mobile phone within the 1800-MHz range
 

Internet Services: Nepal has been expanding its information service for residents and tourists alike through the Internet system. Services are now available at Nepal’s leading hotels and at the many cybercafés that are cropping up in all major tourist destinations and major cities of Nepal.


Media

Nepali media has sped light years ahead in just a few years time and what used to be a controlled and tight knit community, is so no more. The government audio and television news networks are Radio Nepal and Nepal Television respectively. However, numerous FM radio stations and upcoming regional television stations are dominating the market. Major Nepali daily newspapers are Gorkhapatra, Kantipur and Nagarik while the English dailies are The Rising Nepal, The Kathmandu Post, The Himalayan and Republica. A number of other newspapers and magazines are also available.


Tap water

Tap water is clean but drinking from it directly should be avoided. Mineral water or Bottled water is recommended.


Clothing

Light cotton cloths are appropriate for Summer in Hilly and Tarai region whereas, Full sleeves and warm clothes are advised for Himalayan Region. For winter, full sleeves and warm clothes are advised for even Hilly and Tarai region. Himalayan region during winter demands proper trekking and mountaineering gear. 


Weights & measures

The metric system is used throughout Nepal. 
 

Business hours

Most commercial concerns in Nepal operate on a six-day week, usually from 9:30 am to 5:30 pm Many stores open seven days a week from 10 am to 8 pm Government offices are generally open between 10 am and 5 pm with 1 pm to 2 pm lunch break, Sunday to Friday except on public holidays. In winter, the Government offices closes 1 hour before i.e. at 4 pm Most of the Banks are open Sundays to Fridays from 10 am to 3 pm except on public holidays.


 

International

Buddhist Circuit Tour Nepal Via India

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Duration:  07 Nights / 08 Days

Tibet Tour

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Duration:  07 Nights / 08 Days

Bangkok Tour

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Duration:  02 Nights / 03 Days

Bangkok Pattaya Tour

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Duration:  04 Nights / 05 Days

Bangkok Pattaya , Phuket Tour

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Duration:  05 Nights / 06 Days

Singapore Tour

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Malaysia Tour

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Duration:  03 Nights / 04 Days

Kul Sin Tour

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Duration:  04 Nights / 05 Days

Kuala Lumpur with Genting Highlands

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Duration:  02 Nights / 03 Days

Delhi and Agra Tour

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Goa Beach Holiday

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Delhi Agra Jaipur Tour

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Splendid Dubai Tour

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Duration:  04 Nights / 05 Days

Bhutan Tour

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Duration:  07 Nights / 08 Days

Trekking

Everest Gokyo Ri Trek

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Duration:  14 Nights / 15 Days


Gokyo Ri (5380m) is situated in the Khumbu or Everest region. Everest Gokyo Ri is located on the west side of the Ngozumpa glacier, the largest glacier in Nepal. Gokyo is a tiny settlement of few stone houses. Gokyo Ri is a base hilltop to observe the legendary Himalayas above 8000 meters Mount Everest,  Cho- Oyu, Nuptse and Lhotse.  The remote gokyo valley, greenish-blue lakes festival and moon-scape like glaciers count the Gokyo Ri trek valuable. Namche bazar  then follow the rivers run off from the Ngozumpa glacier to Machhermo.  We will be exploring  a string of cobalt blue lakes in the high mountain Gokyo valley. From Goyko RI a vantage point,  you will explore and be witness yourself of the 360 degree Himalayan panaroma where you observe the magnificence views of the 8000 meters legendray himalayas Mount Everest, Lohste, Nupste, Cho-oyu and Ama dablam.

This trekking route has been designed  for  those trekkers who do not have previous experience of trekking or summit climbing but enormous desire to observe over 8000 meters peaks from the nearest vantage point. This could be a fair challanging trek, trekkers only should have 6-7 hours daily walking  capacity and excellent courage to accomplish something perfectly.
 
 

Royal Trek of Annapurna Foothills

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Duration:  08 Nights / 09 Days

The Royal Trek is considered as one of the famous but easiest treks in Annapurna region which commences and ends at Pokhara. It does not require any experience to do this trek. It is very popular for those who want to enjoy their holidays in leisurely way spending some days far from the frustrating crowd enjoying the beauty of nature. Walking through several villages, rice fields and across terraced hills this trek provides opportunities to talk with villagers on the trails. You can feel an outstanding glimpse of rural Nepalese life as well as its flora and fauna. The name "Royal Trek" depicts the trekking of this route by Prince Charles in 1980. It is a leisurely trek with gorgeous view of Mt. Machhapuchhre and Mt.Annapurna. 

Dhaulagiri Base Camp Trek

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Duration:  20 Nights / 21 Days

Dhaulagiri Base Camp Trek takes us to the high peaks and remote valleys of the Nepal Himalaya. Beginning at Beni on the Kali Gandaki River, this spectacular trekking route ascends the lovely and unspoiled valley of the Myagdi Khola River which flows southwards from the heart of the Dhaulagiri Himal. Dhaulagiri base camp trek in Nepal is the least visited challenging trekking trail of Nepal. Dhaulagiri is the world seventh highest peak. Dhaulagiri base camp trek is the strenuous trekking. It is challenging trek with the splendor of panoramic views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges with the thick forest, glaciers and the simple lifestyle of the inhabitants of the region will definitely leave an unforgettable impression on your mind. 

Annapurna Circuit Trek

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Duration:  21 Nights / 22 Days

Annapurna circuit trek offers you to walk completely around the Annapurna Massif. We start trekking through the lowland villages to the remote Tibet like country on the northern slope of the Himalaya, Manang region and down the dramatic Kali Gandaki crossing the 5416 m pass – probably the highest you will ever get without climbing a mountain. This journey is for those youngsters who have more time to enjoy in the Himalaya and also for the people who want to live up in the Himalaya for long time. 
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